Yamatobari (大和張り) is a name of a wall system.
It is made by to nail a wainscot alternately.
Yamatobari is used for exterior wall, roof, ceiling and fence.
It makes possible to both enable gain ventilation and block people's view by adjust a gap between wainscots. The function can keep backside of structure (basically it is wooden structure) dry, therefore the wall system is commonly used for exterior wall and ceiling.
When Yamatobari apply to a fence, the gap is made bigger than wall, it can let adequate ventilation for a garden.